Mineralogical Characteristics of Iron Ores in Joda and Khondbond Areas in Eastern India with Implications on Beneficiation

Upadhyay, Rajendra Kumar and Venkatesh, Akella Satya and Roy, Subrata (2010) Mineralogical Characteristics of Iron Ores in Joda and Khondbond Areas in Eastern India with Implications on Beneficiation. Resource Geology, 60 (2). pp. 203-211.

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Precambrian iron ores of the Singhbhum-North Orissa region occur in eastern India as part of the Iron Ore Group (IOG) within the broad horse-shoe shaped synclinorium. More than 50% of Indian iron ore reserves occur in this region. Massive-hard, flaky-friable, blue dust and lateritic varieties of iron ores are the major ore types, associated with banded hematite, jasper and shales. These ores could have formed as a result of supergene enrichment through gradual but extensive removal of silica, alumina and phosphorus from banded iron formations and ferruginous shale. Attempts for optimal utilization of these resources led to various ore characterization studies using chemical analysis, ore and mineral petrography, XRD analysis, SEM and electron probe micro analysis (EPMA). The ore chemistry indicates that the massive hard ores and blue dust have high iron, low alumina and phosphorus contents. Because of high quality, these ores do not require any specialized beneficiation technique for up-gradation. However, flaky-friable, lateritised and goethitic ores are low in iron, high in alumina and phosphorus contents, requiring specific beneficiation techniques for up-gradation in quality. XRD, SEM and ore microscopic studies of massive hard ores indicate the presence of hematite and goethite, while flaky and lateritic ores show a higher concentration of goethite, kaolinite, gibbsite and hematite. EPMA studies show the presence of adsorbed phosphorous as fine dust in the hard ores. Sink and float studies reveal that most of the gangue minerals are not completely liberated in the case of goethitic and lateritic ores, even at finer fractions.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-...
Uncontrolled Keywords:Banded iron formation; Blue dust; Hard massive iron ores; Iron ores; Lateritic iron ores; Singhbhum Craton
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:2054
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 12:29
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 16:58

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