Effect of mechano-chemical activation on bioleaching of Indian Ocean nodules by a fungus

Mehta, K D and Das, Chitrangada and Kumar, Rakesh and Pandey, B D and Mehrotra, S P (2010) Effect of mechano-chemical activation on bioleaching of Indian Ocean nodules by a fungus. Minerals Engineering, 23 . pp. 1207-1212.

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The effect of mechano-chemical activation of Indian sea nodules, while recording the zeta potential, particle size distribution and surface area, on the bio-dissolution of metals by Aspergillus niger has been investigated. Activation is a term used to indicate what takes place when increasing grinding time does not result in significant change in particle size but rather results in the accumulation of energy that may lead to the development of lattice defects within the particles that can aid biological attack. It was observed that the mechano-chemical activation improved the bio-dissolution of metals such as copper, nickel and cobalt from the sea nodules at initial pH in the range 4.0–5.0. With 10 min milling of particles of 75 μm size, 86% material was reduced to 10 μm size with a change in zeta potential from −18 to −34 mV. Above 95% copper, nickel and cobalt each was leached out in 15 days time from the nodules activated for 10 min at 5% (w/v) PD and 35 °C temperature with initial pH of 4.5; the biorecovery being almost similar when the material was activated for 30 min. In the case of nodules without activation, 89% metal bioleaching was achieved in 25 days time at an initial pH of 4.5 under this condition. The mechano-chemical activation of sea nodules has thus influenced the bio-dissolution process, while providing a wider pH range available for processing of nodules with the involvement of organic acids such as oxalic and citric generated from the fungus.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mineng.2010.08.008
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mechano-chemical activation; Ocean nodules; Bioleaching; Aspergillus niger
Divisions:Mineral Processing
ID Code:1975
Deposited On:19 Oct 2010 11:45
Last Modified:03 Feb 2011 12:59
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