Chaudhuri, S (2006) Some aspects of metallurgical assessment of boiler tubes—Basic principles and case studies. Materials Science and Engineering A, 432 (1-2). pp. 90-99.
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Microstructural changes in boiler tubes during prolong operation at high temperature and pressure decrease load bearing capacity limiting their useful lives. When the load bearing capacity falls below a critical level depending on operating parameters and tube geometry, failure occurs. In order to avoid such failures mainly from the view point of economy and safety, this paper describes some basic principles behind remaining life assessment of service exposed components and also a few case studies related to failure of a reheater tube of 1.25Cr–0.5Mo steel, a carbon steel tube and final superheater tubes of 2.25Cr–1Mo steel and remaining creep life assessment of service exposed but unfailed platen superheater and reheater tubes of 2.25Cr–1Mo steel. Sticking of fly ash particles causing reduction in effective tube wall thickness is responsible for failure of reheater tubes. Decarburised metal containing intergranular cracks at the inner surface of the carbon steel tube exhibiting a brittle window fracture is an indicative of hydrogen embrittlement responsible for this failure. In contrast, final superheater tube showed that the failure took place due to short-term overheating. The influence of prolong service revealed that unfailed reheater tubes exhibit higher tensile properties than that of platen superheater tubes. In contrast both the tubes at 50 MPa meet the minimum creep rupture properties when compared with NRIM data. The remaining creep life of platen superheater tube as estimated at 50 MPa and 570 °C (1058 °F) is more than 10 years and that of reheater tube at 50 MPa and 580 °C (1076 °F) is 9 years.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Metallurgical assessment; Platen superheater; Reheater; Final superheater; Creep rupture; Tensile; Microstructures; Remaining creep life|
|Divisions:||Material Science and Technology|
|Deposited By:||Madhan M|
|Deposited On:||20 Sep 2009 14:44|
|Last Modified:||14 Dec 2011 12:31|
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