Processing of dust materials from Indian copper plants

Jana, R K and Gorai, Bipra and Premchand, (1998) Processing of dust materials from Indian copper plants. In: UNSPECIFIED.



In the pyrometallurgical processing of copper are, there is considerable amount of copper losses in the form of dust from the roaster, smelter and converter. Most of this dust is simply charged back into the smelting cir¬cuit, thereby reducing the capacity offresh charge processing. In the present paper separate processing of copper dust sample by sulphuric acid leaching method has been examined with the idea that the resulting leached cop¬per sulphate solution can be used as electrolyte in the copper electro¬refining section of the plant. The copper dust sample from Khetri Copper Complex, Rajsthan contained about 22% copper. The XRD analysis of the sample revealed that copper was mainly present in the forms of ox¬ides, sulphates and sulphides. Simple water leaching of the dust sample dissolved copper to the tune of 30%. This implied that about 30% of cop¬per was present in the sulphate form and rest of the copper was in the oxide and sulphide forms for which acid leaching process might be suit¬able. Sulphuric acid leaching at various concentration and at varied solid : liquid ratio, time and temperature were carried out at atmospheric pressure. The maximum recovery of copper obtained in these experiments was found to be about 52%. Since the sulphuric acid leaching at atmospheric presssure did not yield good results, the dust sample was leached at higher pressure in an autoclave on 200 g scale and the recovery of copper improved to 80%.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Waste characterization; Copper plant dust; Copper recovery; Leaching
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:1546
Deposited On:13 Sep 2010 13:57
Last Modified:13 Jan 2012 12:12
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