Kinetics of reduction of low grade iron ore by charcoal

Goswami, M C and Biswas, P K and Vaish, A K (2001) Kinetics of reduction of low grade iron ore by charcoal. Journal of Metallurgy and materials Science, 43 (3). pp. 181-188.

Restricted to NML users only. Others may use ->



The reduction of iron ore by solid or gaseous reductant tends to produce a reduction constraint product layer as the normally followed reduction sequence is Fep3 - Fe304 - FeO- Fe. The solid-solid reduction reaction of iron ore with charcoal is relatively slow due to smaller contact area between the particles of iron ore and charcoal. However, the direct reduction of iron ore with charcoal is also dependent on the reduction by carbon monoxide which is so formed at the surfaces of contact betwecn the iron ore and the solid reducant. The present kinetic study on reduction of low grade iron ore used in tribal iron making by charcoal shows very good agreement with Ginstling-Brounshtein model defined as G (ex) = I -2/3 (ex) - (l-ex)213in which diffusion is considered to be the rate controlling step. The activation energy in this diffusion Controlled kinetic study is calculated to be 62.71 Kllmole. Key words: Iron ore. Charcoal reduction. Kinetics, Diffusion, Activation energy.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Iron ore ; Charcoal reduction ; Kinetics ; Diffusion ; Activation energy
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:1322
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:28 Jul 2010 16:01
Last Modified:02 May 2012 15:49
Related URLs:

Repository Staff Only: item control page