Residual stress measurement in ferritic steel tube welds using X-ray diffraction

Rajeswari, S and Jayakumar, T and Rao, C B and Bhattacharya, D K and Raj, B (1998) Residual stress measurement in ferritic steel tube welds using X-ray diffraction. Science and technology of welding and joining, 3 (4). pp. 204-207.

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The X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique has been used to measure the residual stressed before and after post-weld heat treatment in autogenous butt weld joints in 2.25Cr-1Mo steel tubes. The tubes are used in the steam generator assemblies of fast breeder reactors. Measurement data show that the stress in the weld centre is similar to 150 MPa maximum. The stress distribution around the weld centre is asymmetrical with larger amounts of compressive stress on the sine of the tube sheet block. The stress becomes compressive beyond similar to 5 mm from the weld centre reaching values of similar to 200 MPa and more. Post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) at 923 K for 30 min removes most of the residual stresses and PWHT at 988 K for 2.5 h removes all the residual stresses in the weld regions

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:ferritic steel tube
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:1106
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:18 Jun 2010 11:06
Last Modified:08 Feb 2012 12:20
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