Singh, Raghuvir and Ghosh Chowdhury, S and Chattoraj, I (2008) Modification of Sensitization Resistance of AISI 304L Stainless Steel through Changes in Grain Size and Grain Boundary Character Distributions. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 39 (10). pp. 2504-2512.
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Sensitization behavior of thermomechanically processed AISI 304L stainless steel has been investigated. The mechanical processing was carried out at deformations of 30 to 90 pct (reduction in thickness), and annealed subsequently at temperatures ranging from 800 °C to 950 °C for 15 to 60 minutes. Stainless steel was then sensitized at 675 °C both for short (2 hours) and long (53 hours) durations. Thus treated specimens were characterized for grain boundary character distribution, grain size, and degree of sensitization (DOS). The increase in annealing temperature and time following mechanical processing showed an increase in grain size (up to 37 μm) and in the DOS. The fraction of coincident site lattice (CSL) boundaries (Σ3 to Σ29) was also noticed to increase with the annealing temperature, which implied that an increasing fraction of low energy boundaries did not cause a decrease in the DOS. The grain size through its effect on grain boundary surface area and the effective grain boundary energy correlated well with the extent of sensitization. Grain growth reduces the grain boundary surface area and the effective grain boundary energy as well, which, in turn, enhanced the DOS. A critical grain size (∼<16 μm), below which, and correspondingly a critical effective grain boundary energy (∼>0.05), above which, sensitization reduced to insignificant levels was observed.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||AISI 304L Stainless Steel|
|Divisions:||Corrosion and Surface Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Dr. A K Sahu|
|Deposited On:||08 Oct 2009 14:04|
|Last Modified:||09 Feb 2012 12:53|
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