Characterization of Chemical Structure with Relative Density of Three Different Ranks of Coal from India

Chakravarty, S and Chakravarty, K and Mishra, V and Chakladar, S and Mohanty, Ashok and Sharma, Mamta (2020) Characterization of Chemical Structure with Relative Density of Three Different Ranks of Coal from India. Natural Resources Research, Online (IF-3.708).

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Abstract

A comparative study of coals of different ranks having different chemical structure and petrography would be desirable to gain an in-depth knowledge of Indian coals. Here, we report structural and petrographic analyses of three different coals: Coal A (coking coal), Coal B (semi-coking coal) and Coal C (non-coking coal) of Indian origin. The vitrinite reflectances of the three coals were measured to be 1.26, 1.38 and 0.46 for Coal A, Coal B and Coal C, respectively. Size fractionation (- 3.0 + 1.0 mm, - 1.0 + 0.5 mm and - 0.5 mm) followed by density gradient separation (1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 g/cm(3)) were performed for all the coal samples to study mineral matter liberation and distribution of macerals in different density fractions. Petrographic analysis of different density fractions revealed a direct proportionality of vitrinite content to swelling properties. The highest free-swelling indices (7.5 and 6.5) were observed for 1.2 density fraction of Coal A and Coal B, respectively. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed crucial information relating the degree of aromaticity and aliphaticity with observed coking properties. Specifically, aromaticity (AR1) (CHar stretching/CHal stretching, (3000-3100 cm(-1))/(2800-3000 cm(-1)) and mean reflectance (R-o in %) were found to have a strong positive linear correlation with each other, indicative of an increase in aromaticity with coal rank.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://10.1007/s11053-020-09629-z
Uncontrolled Keywords:Indian coal; Petrography; FT-IR spectroscopy; Swelling index; Coal rank;Cs2-n-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone mixed-solvent; room-temperature; ftir; spectroscopy; extraction; evolution; macerals
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:8158
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:10 Jun 2020 16:36
Last Modified:20 Jul 2020 14:36
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