Control of Slag Carryover from the BOF Vessel During Tapping: BOF Cold Model Studies

Kamaraj, A and Mandal, G K and Roy, G G (2019) Control of Slag Carryover from the BOF Vessel During Tapping: BOF Cold Model Studies. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B , 50(1) . pp. 438-458.

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In a modern integrated steel plant, slag-free tapping during transfer of liquid steel from the BOF vessel to the ladle is prerequisite to produce ultraclean steel for high-end critical applications. The present investigation aims to examine the drain vortices during the liquid steel tapping process. The tapping experiments were conducted in a geometrical down-scaled Perspex BOF cold model, which was more akin to the industrial practice than the other geometries previously reported in the literature. The study highlights the influence of the complex BOF shape on drain vortices during the tapping process. It is observed that vorticity behavior during liquid steel tapping from the BOF vessel is different from the earlier observations reported for the teeming process. The parametric study of the tapping process and its analysis confirmed that the threshold height for drain vortices is strongly influenced by the nozzle diameter (ND) and marginally influenced by the residual inertia of the liquid. The carryover ratio (COR) for the water-oil experiments is in agreement with the values obtained in industrial practice. Yield loss tends to increase with the increase in ND. The onset of drain vortices in the presence of overlying phase (oil/slag) during the BOF tapping process could be principally controlled by the vessel design. The physical properties of the overlying phase had negligible influence on the drain vortices. The critical times for vortex and drain sink formation were predicted based on dimensional analysis coupled with the mathematical formulation for the tapping process. A strategy to control the slag carryover during the tapping process in industry is also discussed and postulated based on the understanding developed from water modeling experiments.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:vorticity; ultraclean steel;nozzle diameter (ND);carryover ratio (COR);water-oil experiments
Divisions:Material Science and Technology
ID Code:7974
Deposited By:Sahu A K
Deposited On:27 Sep 2019 12:39
Last Modified:27 Sep 2019 12:39
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