Mishra, D and Sinha, S and Sahu, K K and Agrawal, A and Kumar, R (2017) Recycling of Secondary Tungsten Resources. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 70(2) (IF-0.533). pp. 479-485.
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Tungsten and its alloys find critical applications in several important sectors, such as defence, aerospace, mining, manufacturing, telecommunications etc., which are key to economic development and national security. Global tungsten deposits are limited (similar to 3.3 million tonnes) and highly localized; China dominates the supply with more than 84% share. India doesn't have any economic tungsten ore deposits, and produces meagre quantities of tungsten in comparison to its demand of similar to 1500 tonne/year. In order to lessen the import burden and supply risk to the country's defence programmes, India is required to focus on producing this important metal from various available secondary and lean grade resources such as scraps and tailings. This article presents some of the recently developed and commercialized tungsten recycling technologies by CSIR-NML, which include: (1) recycling of tungsten carbide (WC) hard metal scraps for production of high pure yellow tungsten oxide (WO3) and W-metal powder; and (2) production of high pure sodium tungstate (Na2WO4 center dot 2H(2)O) from spent hydro-refining catalysts. Besides describing the process flow-sheets and product specifications, the paper highlights the advantages of CSIR-NML technologies over the presently practiced technologies.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Tungsten scrap; Yellow tungsten oxide (YTO); Sodium tungstate; Tungsten metal powder|
|Divisions:||Material Science and Technology|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||18 Aug 2017 17:42|
|Last Modified:||23 Aug 2017 17:34|
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