Meshram, Pratima and Pandey, B D and Mankhand, T R (2015) Recovery of valuable metals from cathodic active material of spent lithium ion batteries: Leaching and kinetic aspects. Waste Management, 45 (IF-3.220). pp. 306-313.
|PDF - Published Version |
Restricted to NML users only. Others may use ->
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.
This work is focussed on the processing of cathodic active material of spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) to ensure resource recovery and minimize environmental degradation. The sulfuric acid leaching of metals was carried out for the recovery of all the valuable metals including nickel and manganese along with the frequently targeted metals like lithium and cobalt. The process parameters such as acid concentration, pulp density, time and temperature for the leaching of metals from the cathode powder containing 35.8% Co, 6.5% Li, 11.6% Mn and 10.06% Ni, were optimized. Results show the optimized leach recovery of 93.4% Li, 66.2% Co, 96.3% Ni and 50.2% Mn when the material was leached in 1 M H2SO4 at 368 K and 50 g/L pulp density for 240 min. The need of a reductant for improved recovery of cobalt and manganese has been explained by the thermodynamic analysis (Eh–pH diagram) for these metals. Leaching of the valuable metals was found to follow the logarithmic rate law controlled by surface layer diffusion of the lixiviant reacting with the particles. The mode of leaching of the metals from the spent LIBs was further examined by chemical analysis of the samples at various stage of processing which was further corroborated by characterizing the untreated sample and the leach residues by XRD phase identification and the SEM-EDS studies.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Spent LIBs; Cathode active material; Valuable metals; Acid leaching; Kinetics|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Mrs Pratima Meshram|
|Deposited On:||29 Oct 2015 16:38|
|Last Modified:||29 Oct 2015 16:38|
Repository Staff Only: item control page