Meshram, Pratima and Pandey, B D and Mankhand, T R (2015) Hydrometallurgical processing of spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs) in the presence of a reducing agent with emphasis on kinetics of leaching. Chemical Engineering Journal, 281 (IF-4.321). pp. 418-427.
|PDF - Published Version |
Restricted to NML users only. Others may use ->
In this study, sulfuric acid leaching was applied to recover lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese from the cathodic active material of spent LIBs in presence of a reducing agent, sodium bisulfite. The conditions for the dissolution of valuable metals were optimized while varying the parameters such as acid concentration,leaching time, temperature and pulp density. It was found that with 1 M H2SO4 and 0.075 M NaHSO3 as reducing agent 96.7% Li, 91.6% Co, 96.4% Ni and 87.9% Mn were recovered in 4 h at 368 K and a pulp density of 20 g/L. Kinetic data for the dissolution of the metals such as Li, Co and Ni in the temperature range 308–368 K showed best fit to the kinetic model governed by the empirical logarithmic rate law. Leaching of the metals proceeded through the diffusion of lixiviant on the surface of the substrate particles, which was corroborated by XRD phase analyses and SEM–EDS of the untreated sample and the leach residues. From the leach liquor, >98% Co was recovered as cobalt oxalate (CoC2O42H2O) by precipitation with oxalic acid. MnCO3, NiCO3 and Li2CO3 were precipitated from the cobalt depleted solution. By this process, high recovery of Li and Co could be achieved in the solution and then in the form of carbonate and oxalate, respectively along with the recovery of Mn and Ni as their carbonates.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Spent LIBs, Cathode active material, Leaching,Kinetics, Precipitation|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Mrs Pratima Meshram|
|Deposited On:||17 Jul 2015 10:27|
|Last Modified:||17 Jul 2015 10:27|
Repository Staff Only: item control page