Goswami, B and Raj, A and Srivastava, S C and Ray, Ashok K (2014) Vanadium in industrial traditions and innovations. Journal of Metallurgy and Materials Science, 56(3) (NON-SCI). pp. 149-161.
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Vanadium is recovered directly from vanadiferous ores and indirectly from titaniferous magnetite ores, siltstone and uraniferous sandstones. Vanadium bearing slag during pig iron production is been main source for vanadium. Vanadium is recovered as ferro-vanadium or vanadates and vanadium pentoxide. Vanadium is soft and very ductile metal. This is available in forms of plate, sheet, foil, billet, bar, rod, tube and wire. Vanadium has wide usage in different sectors. These are (i) fusion reactors, (ii) as alloying element in steel, titanium base alloys for aerospace applications, (iii) catalysts, (iv) pigments, (v) frits (vi) glass, (vii) ceramics, (viii) chemicals and (ix) batteries for storage of electricity for off peak times and (x) power packs for electricity powered vehicles. Vanadium in steel has improved castability, rollability, and reduced roll wear, relative insensitivity to finish rolling temperature, good weldability and use in as-forged conditions. Vanadium has imparted strength, toughness and reliability within wide range of temperatures.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Vanadium, Vanadium slag, Vanadium pentoxide, Alloys of vanadium, Fusion reactor, Capture cross section, First breeder reactor, Vanadium in iron & steel, Ductile iron, Physical metallurgy, Alloying elements, HSLA steels, Long designs, Trailers.|
|Divisions:||Material Science and Technology|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||19 Mar 2015 11:21|
|Last Modified:||19 Mar 2015 11:21|
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