Raj, A and Goswami, B and Kumar, S B and Krishna, G and Roy, Nilima and Ray, Ashok K (2014) Damage Analysis of Service Exposed Reformer Tubes in Petrochemical Industries. High Temperature Materials and Processes, 33(3) (IF-0.356). pp. 201-216.
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Accelerated creep or stress rupture data is used for remaining life assessment for life management studies of elevated temperature components, e.g. for reformer tubes where packed nickel catalysts are used for synthesis of hydrogen, ammonia etc. This research has become a regular task because of large range of time for failure (3 to 15 years) compared to designed life (11.4 years or 100,000 hours) and huge loss associated to damage, production and safety hazards. Utilization of appropriate inspection during plant shut down has been strategic short term life assessment. Tests have been typically done by high temperature mechanical properties, microstructure analysis and accelerated creep. Inspection of micro-cracks, hot spot formation, carburization/metal dusting for inner wall and oxidation, tube diameter increment for outer wall inspection have been traditional symptoms of expiry of tubes after service exposure. Aim of this review has been to study damage analysis of reformer tube in response to so wide time frame for failures and accidents involved, even after stipulation of designed time schedules.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||HK40 steel, HP40 steel, reformer tube, centrifugal castings, cavitations, creep, accelerated creep, hot tension, catalyst, hydrogen, methane|
|Divisions:||Material Science and Technology|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||11 Aug 2014 17:53|
|Last Modified:||04 May 2016 14:47|
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