Nguyen, N V and Lee, Jae-chun and Jeong, Jinki and Kim, Byung-Su and Pandey, B D (2014) Selective recovery of cobalt, nickel and lithium from sulfate leachate of cathode scrap of Li-ion batteries using liquid-liquid extraction. Metals and Materials International, 20(2) (IF-1.223). pp. 357-365.
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This paper focuses on the extractive separation and selective recovery of cobalt, nickel and lithium from the sulfate leachate of cathode scrap generated during manufacture of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The conditions for extraction, scrubbing and stripping of cobalt from nickel and lithium are optimized with an aqueous feed containing 25.1 g·dm−3 cobalt, 2.54 g·dm−3 nickel and 6.2 g·dm−3 lithium using Na-PC-88A. 99.8% Co is extracted with 60% Na-0.56 mol·dm−3 PC-88A in two counter-current stages at an O/A phase ratio of 3/1 and an equilibrium pH of 4.5. The “crowding effect” shown for the first time provides effective scrubbing of impurities (Ni and Li) with 2.0 g·dm−3 CoSO4 solution. The McCabe-Thiele diagram predicts the scrubbing of 99.9% Ni and 99.9% Li at an equilibrium pH of 4.75 and O/A of 2/1 in two stages. High purity (99.9%) cobalt sulfate along with Ni and Li from the leach liquor of cathode scrap is recovered by solvent extraction. The proposed process ensures complete recycling of the waste of the manufacturing process of LIBs.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||lithium ion batteries; cathode scrap; cobalt; recycling; solvent extraction separation|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Dr. A K Sahu|
|Deposited On:||02 May 2014 10:33|
|Last Modified:||04 May 2016 14:32|
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