Leaching behaviour of high surface area synthetic boehmite in NaOH solution

Alex, T C and Kumar, Rakesh and Roy, S K and Mehrotra, S P (2013) Leaching behaviour of high surface area synthetic boehmite in NaOH solution. Hydrometallurgy, 137 (IF-2.169). pp. 23-32.

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s study pertains to alkali leaching of a high surface area synthetic boehmite prepared by thermal decomposition of gibbsite. Synthesised boehmite particles are found to be agglomerates of platelets. These particles are characterised by a monomodal size distribution with a median size of 110 mu m and high specific surface area (similar to 264 m(2)/g). Leaching studies, in the temperature range 70 to 90 degrees C, have been carried out in NaOH solutions of Na2O concentration, C-Na2O = 100 and 180 g/l. Significant dissolution of this boehmite is seen to occur in NaOH solutions, unlike in many other studies, owing to the high surface area. Both alkali concentration and temperature have influenced the dissolution. Reduced time plot analysis indicates that the shrinking core with surface reaction model (R3) describes the initial stages of the dissolution process reasonably well. Particle size analysis data complemented the results of the reduced time analysis. The value of apparent activation energy for the initial stages of dissolution is evaluated to be around 65 kJ/mol. Deviation from shrinking core model R3 is observed in the later stages. Besides the shrinking of size due to dissolution, particle size reduction is also identified due to the detachment of platelets from the agglomerates of particles. Detailed characterisation of the leach residues involving morphological and particle size analyses has established such detachment of platelets and ensuing particle size reduction. Deviation from shrinking core model in the later stages of leaching has been attributed to particle fragmentation arising from platelet separation. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2013.04.004
Uncontrolled Keywords:Boehmite; Leaching; Kinetic analysis; Reduced time plot; Shrinking core model
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6779
Deposited By:Mr. G Shailendra Kumar
Deposited On:26 Dec 2013 16:31
Last Modified:04 Apr 2014 15:12
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