Preparation of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite with Novel In situ Ceramic Composite Particulates, Developed from Waste Colliery Shale Material

Venkata Siva, S B and Sahoo, K L and Ganguly, R I and Dash, R R and Singh, S K and Satpathy, B K and Srinivasarao, G (2013) Preparation of Aluminum Metal Matrix Composite with Novel In situ Ceramic Composite Particulates, Developed from Waste Colliery Shale Material. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B , 44 (IF-1.212). pp. 800-808.

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Abstract

A novel method is adapted to prepare an in situ ceramic composite from waste colliery shale (CS) material. Heat treatment of the shale material, in a plasma reactor and/or in a high temperature furnace at 1673 K (1400 °C) under high vacuum (10−6 Torr), has enabled in situ conversion of SiO2 to SiC in the vicinity of carbon and Al2O3 present in the shale material. The composite has the chemical constituents, SiC-Al2O3-C, as established by XRD/EDX analysis. Particle sizes of the composite range between 50 nm and 200 μm. The shape of the particles vary, presumably rod to spherical shape, distributed preferably in the region of grain boundaries. The CS composite so produced is added to aluminum melt to produce Al-CS composite (12 vol. pct). For comparison of properties, the aluminum metal matrix composite (AMCs) is made with Al2O3 particulates (15 vol. pct) with size <200 μm. The heat-treated Al-CS composite has shown better mechanical properties compared to the Al-Al2O3 composite. The ductility and toughness of the Al-CS composite are greater than that of the Al-Al2O3 composite. Fractographs revealed fine sheared dimples in the Al-CS composite, whereas the same of the Al-Al2O3 composite showed an appearance of cleavage-type facets. Abrasion and frictional behavior of both the composites have been compared. The findings lead to the conclusion that the in situ composite developed from the colliery shale waste material has a good future for its use in AMCs.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11663-01...
Uncontrolled Keywords:Metallic Materials; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Structural Materials; Surfaces and Interfaces; Thin Films; Nanotechnology
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6709
Deposited By:Mr. G Shailendra Kumar
Deposited On:13 Sep 2013 10:24
Last Modified:30 Jun 2015 17:32
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