Evaluation of bioleaching factors on gold recovery from ore by cyanide-producing bacteria

Shin, Doyun and Jeong, Jinki and Lee, Sujeong and Pandey, B D and Lee, Jae-chun (2013) Evaluation of bioleaching factors on gold recovery from ore by cyanide-producing bacteria. Minerals Engineering, 48 (IF-1.207). pp. 20-24.

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The present study was conducted to investigate the gold bioleaching factors from ore by cyanide producing bacter- ium Chromobacterium violaceum. The optimal condition for cyanide production by C.violaceum was pH9 and 5g/L of glycine in YP medium in 2-days of incubation. In shake flask culture, gold bioleaching from the ores by C.violaceum, pH, and biooxidative treatment. The three types of low grade ores viz, R, S. and H were used. The gold bioleaching effeciencies were recorded as 0%, 50%, and 5% for ores R, S, and H, respectively, when C. violaceum culture was used without any pretreatment (protocol 1). In the experimental protocol involving grinding and pre-grown C.violaceum, leaching efficiencies increased to 60%, 100% and 40% for ore R, S, and H samples, respectively. Especially, the bioleaching effic-iency of ore S enhanced to almost 100% with pre-grown C.violaceum (protocol 3) due to their mineralogical characteristics of the ores. For refractory gold (i.e., ore R) grinding as pretreatment was needed, and for ore S (almost all of the gold was cyanidable) cyanide production was activated by using pre-grown bacteria. Biooxidation with Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and pH adjustment (i.e., 9-11) did not affect the bioleaching efficiencies. the mineralogical cause of gold refractoriness was anal-yzed by automated SEM that showed most of gold in the ore was entrapped in pyrite and silica. The results indicated that gold bioleaching by C.violaceum from low grade ore can be enhanced by grinding and pre-grown microbe; use of appropriate experimental condition is important according to the mineralogical characteristics.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://eprint.nmlindia.org/6628
Uncontrolled Keywords:bioleaching factors; gold recovery; cynidation; organic waste
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:6628
Deposited By:Dr. A K Sahu
Deposited On:03 Jun 2013 17:02
Last Modified:27 Dec 2013 18:22
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