Agrawal, A and Sahu, K K (2009) An overview of the recovery of acid from spent acidic solutions from steel and electroplating industries. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 171 (1-3). pp. 61-75.
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Every metal and metallurgical industry is associated with the generation of waste, which may be a solid, liquid or gaseous in nature. Their impacts on the ecological bodies are noticeable due to their complex and hazardous nature affecting the living and non-living environment which is an alarming issue to the environmentalist. The increasingly stringent regulations regarding the discharge of acid and metal into the environment, and the increasing stress upon the recycling/reuse of these effluents after proper treatment have focused the interest of the research community on the development of new approaches for the recovery of acid and metals from industrial wastes. This paper is a critical review on the acidic waste streams generated from steel and electroplating industries particularly from waste pickle liquor and spent bleed streams. Various aspects on the generation of these streams and the methods used for their treatment either for the recovery of acid for reuse or disposal are being dealt with. Major stress is laid upon the hydrometallurgical methods such as solvent extraction.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Acid extraction; Solvent extraction; Precipitation; Bleed stream; Waste pickle liquor|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||02 Jun 2010 11:33|
|Last Modified:||13 Dec 2011 15:08|
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