Cavitation Erosion in Hydraulic Turbine Components and Mitigation by Coatings: Current Status and Future Needs

Singh, Raghuvir and Tiwari, S K and Mishra, Suman K (2012) Cavitation Erosion in Hydraulic Turbine Components and Mitigation by Coatings: Current Status and Future Needs. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 21 (7). pp. 1539-1551.

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Cavitation erosion is a frequently observed phenomenon in underwater engineering materials and is the primary reason for component failure. The damage due to cavitation erosion is not yet fully understood, as it is influenced by several parameters, such as hydrodynamics, component design, environment, and material chemistry. This article gives an overview of the current state of understanding of cavitation erosion of materials used in hydroturbines, coatings and coating methodologies for combating cavitation erosion, and methods to characterize cavitation erosion. No single material property fully characterizes the resistance to cavitation erosion. The combination of ultimate resilience, hardness, and toughness rather may be useful to estimate the cavitation erosion resistance of material. Improved hydrodynamic design and appropriate surface engineering practices reduce damage due to cavitation erosion. The coatings suggested for combating the cavitation erosion encompasses carbides (WC Cr2C3, Cr3C2, 20CrC-80WC), cermets of different compositions (e.g., 56W2C/Ni/Cr, 41WC/Ni/Cr/Co), intermetallic composites, intermetallic matrix composites with TiC reinforcement, composite nitrides such as TiAlN and elastomers. A few of them have also been used commercially. Thermal spraying, arc plasma spraying, and high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) processes have been used commercially to apply the coatings. Boronizing, laser surface hardening and cladding, chemical vapor deposition, physical vapor deposition, and plasma nitriding have been tried for surface treatments at laboratory levels and have shown promise to be used on actual components.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:cavitation, coating methods, coatings, corrosion, erosion, hydroturbine, steels
Divisions:Corrosion and Surface Engineering
ID Code:5730
Deposited By:Dr. Raghuvir Singh
Deposited On:05 Jul 2012 15:37
Last Modified:05 Jul 2012 15:37
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