Novel transport properties of nanostructured α-Fe2O3

Brahma, P and Dutta, S (2011) Novel transport properties of nanostructured α-Fe2O3. In: VI International Conference on Mechanochemistry and Mechanical Alloying (INCOME 2008), 1-4 December 2008, NML Jamshedpur, India.

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Abstract

Nanophase materials with an average grain sizes ranging from 2 to 20 nm exhibit novel properties relative to conventional materials. Recently, we reported that the mechanical milling of Fe3O4 powders produced nanometer sized particles (∼7 nm) which exhibited a phase transition from cubic (Fe3O4) to hexagonal (α-Fe2O3) phase. In this paper, we present results on the synthesis of nanosized α-Fe2O3 produced by mechanical milling for 1 to 10 h. Some unusual electrical conductivity characteristics were observed. The X-ray diffraction analyses show only the presence characteristic lines of hematite in the ball milled samples. Particle sizes measured from X-ray line broadening varied from 7 to 11 nm. TEM micrograph for the ball milled samples show distribution of particle size. A drastic change of electrical resistivity has been observed from the electrical measurements of different ball milled samples. The resistivity variation of the unmilled sample can be ascribed to typical band conduction. A decrease of about two orders of magnitude of resistivity was observed for the specimen ball milled for 10 h. The resistivity variation of the two activated processes was observed with activation energies of ∼ 0.06 and ∼ 0.7eV, respectively. Large and small particle sizes are responsible for the two activation energies.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Official URL/DOI:http://eprints.nmlindia.org/5063
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mechanical milling, Ferric oxide, Nanostructure, Transport properties
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:5063
Deposited By:Mr. G Shailendra Kumar
Deposited On:30 Apr 2012 14:53
Last Modified:30 Apr 2012 14:53
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