Singh, D D N and Ghosh, Rita and Singh, B K (1998) Low Alloyed Thermo Mechanically Treated (TMT) Steel Rebars: An Ideal Solution for Reinforcement Corrosion. Steel in Construction, 1 (2). pp. 1-11.
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Out of various types of applications of steels, their use in concrete reinforcement is perhaps in the largest propo-rtion. The steels in contact of concrete is expected to be quite protected from corrosive attack. This is owing to the alkalinity provided by cement. The slurry of cement around the steel provides a pH of 12- 13 which is considered to be very favourable condition for the formation of a protective passive film on steels. The passivity is, however, disturbed once chloride, sulphate, metal cations, moisture and oxygen reach near the steel surface. Chloride is a well known activator of uniform and localized corro-sion. Similarly sulphate, although not directly involved in the corrosion process but helps in destabilizing of concrete structures and allows the penetration of oxygen and moisture near the reinforcement steel rebars surface. The above mentioned impurities in concrete structures are encountered either through the contaminated water used to prepare the cement slurry or due to the diffusion of the ions from the surroundings through the pores of the conc-rete. In many instances, chlorides are intentionally added in cements to enhance their curing rate. Due to corrosive attack of the above ingredients, catastrophic failures of buildings, bridges and other structures have been repor-ted. To combat the problems of corrosion, different types oftechniques such as addition of corrosion inhibitors in concrete mixtures, application of galvanized coatings on steels surface, use of non-metallic coatings, applications of paints / coatings to provide outer protective layer on the reinforcement concrete structures and use of corro-sion resistant steels are being employed.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Chlorides; buildings; bridges; corrosion|
|Divisions:||Corrosion and Surface Engineering|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||17 Oct 2011 12:13|
|Last Modified:||17 Oct 2011 12:13|
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