Alex, T C and Kumar, Rakesh and Roy, S K and Mehrotra, S P (2011) Anomalous reduction in surface area during mechanical activation of boehmite synthesized by thermal decomposition of gibbsite. Powder Technology, 208 (1). pp. 128-136.
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Mechanical activation of boehmite (gamma-AlOOH), synthesized by thermal decomposition of gibbsite, has been carried out in a planetary mill up to 240 min. After an initial decrease in particle size up to 15 min, the particle size shows an increase with further milling; the median size (d(50)) has increased from 1.8 to 5 mu m during 15 to 240 min of milling. Quite unexpectedly, the BET specific surface area of the sample (N-2 adsorption method) decreases continuously from 264 m(2)/g to 67 m(2)/g with milling. A detailed analysis of N-2 adsorption/desorption isotherms has indicated that the decrease in surface area is associated with: (a) change in narrow slit like pores with microporosity to slit shaped pores originating from loose aggregate of platelet type particles; and (b) shift of maxima in pore size distribution plot at similar to 2 nm and similar to 4 nm to dominantly similar to 23 nm size pores. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies have revealed that during milling, initial breakage is followed by agglomeration/fusion of particles with consequent loss in porosity. Amorphisation, decrease in microcrystallite dimension (MCD) and increase in microstrain (epsilon) are indicated from a detailed analysis of X-ray powder diffraction patterns and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra. Reactivity of samples, expressed in terms of increase in dissolution in alkali (in 8 M NaOH at 90 degrees C) and decrease in boehmite to gamma-Al2O3 transformation temperature, increases with milling time. The nature of correlations between reactivity and physico-chemical changes during milling has been analyzed and discussed.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Boehmite; Mechanical activation; Pore size distribution; Amorphisation; Microstrain; Reactivity|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||29 Apr 2011 14:58|
|Last Modified:||21 Nov 2011 11:55|
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