Vaish, A K and Humane, M M and Minz, R K and Chakravarti, A K and Ramachandrarao, P (1999) Rare earth metals addition to low carbon steel-thermodynamic aspects, process considerations and effect on mechanical properties. NML Technical Journal, 40 (3). pp. 85-125.
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On the basis of thermodynamic data it is predicted that rare earth elements have a very strong affinity for oxygen and sulphur and the addition of rare earth metals to low carbon steel melt results in a considerable degree of desulphurization. Considering the process details, different methods of addition of rare earth metals to steel melt are evaluated. Rare earth recoveries are influenced by melt chemistry, steel-making refractories and by addition technique. The rare earth metal addition to low carbon steel brings about significant improvements in the mechanical properties.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Steel-making; Refractorie; Earth metals; Low carbon steel|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||28 Sep 2010 16:34|
|Last Modified:||04 Dec 2013 11:03|
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