Biological remediation of trivalent chromium from effluents

Dhal, B and Abhilash, and Mehta, K D and Pandey, B D (2009) Biological remediation of trivalent chromium from effluents. In: International conference of Non-ferrous metals 2009, July 10-11, 2009, Bhubaneswar.



Out of the industrial waste streams/effluents entering in the aquatic system containing metallic species, tanneries release high amounts of chromium, an anthropogenic pollutant because of use of basic chromium sulphate in the tanning processes. Trivalent chromium, Cr(lll) is the targeted ionic species for removal by biosorption on a fungal species in this work, as the technique has inherent merit of easy adsorbent regeneration and lower capital costs. The study involves the use of Aspergillus niger (A.niger), to remediate chromium from a model tanning solution with Cr(lll) concentration of 500 ppm. The fungal species was grown in Czapek Dox media at 2.5 pH and 35°C temperature and its biomass was used in various forms such as live, autoclaved and alkali treated. With 1% (w/v) alkali treated biomass, the biosorption of chromium reached to a maximum of 91% for a feed concentration of 500 ppm in 2h time at 2.5 pH, 35°C and AIR (Adsorbent : Solution Volume) ratio of 1/100. The lower biosorption of metal (42 ¬44%) was observed with live and autoclaved biomass. The biosorption of chromium(111) on the fungal biomass was explained with various isotherms and fitted to the kinetic model involving first order expression. The study focuses on establishing the mechanism of bioremediation of chromium on A.niger.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Chromium, effluent, pollution, biosorption, Aspergillus niger
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:1254
Deposited By:Dr. A K Sahu
Deposited On:21 Jul 2010 11:53
Last Modified:02 Dec 2011 12:09
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