The Ignitability, Fuel ratio and Ash Fusion Temperatures of Torrefied Woody Biomass

Malathi, M and Adekunle, Adeleke and Odusote, J K and Ikubannia, P P and Lasode, O A and Paswan, Dayanand (2020) The Ignitability, Fuel ratio and Ash Fusion Temperatures of Torrefied Woody Biomass. Heliyon, 6/3 (IF-1.65). e03582.

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The impact of torrefaction temperature on the ignitability, fuel ratio and ash fusion temperatures of two tropical deciduous woods (Teak and Melina) were investigated in a setup of tubular furnace. The properties considered are calorific value, fuel ratio, ignitability index, ash compositions and ash fusion temperatures of the biomass. Six different temperatures (220, 240, 260, 280, 300 and 320 °C) at 60 min reaction time were considered. The results indicated that as torrefaction temperature increased, the calorific value, fuel ratio and ignitability index of the biomass also increased. The ignitability index of biomass (40–63) was better than the value (35) recommended for fuel applicable in thermal plants for power generation. The ash compositional analysis revealed that there was no variation in the quantity of SiO2, Al2O3, CaO along with other minerals for the raw and torrefied biomass. This implied that the temperature up to 320 °C has no significant impact on the compositions of biomass ash during torrefaction. The ash fusion temperature test showed that the biomass ash softens at 1200 °C and finally fused at 1300 °C. The study concluded that an increase in torrefaction temperature increases the thermal properties of the torrefied biomass without affecting the compositions of biomass ash or lowering the ash fusion temperatures.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Energy, Materials science, Teak wood, Melina wood, Torrefaction, Ignitability index, Fuel ratio, Ash fusion temperatures
Divisions:Metal Extraction and Forming
ID Code:8114
Deposited By:Malathi M
Deposited On:18 Mar 2020 17:41
Last Modified:01 May 2020 14:34
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