Agrawal, A and Pal, C and Sahu, K K (2008) Extractive removal of chromium (VI) from industrial waste solution. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 159 (2-3). pp. 458-464.
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Extractive removal of Cr (VI) was carried out from chloride solutions using cyanex 923 mixed with kerosene. The efficiency of this extractant was studied under various experimental conditions, such as concentration of different mineral acids in the aqueous phase, concentration of cyanex 923 and Cr (VI) present in the initial aqueous feed, temperature and time of extraction, organic to aqueous (O/A) phase ratio. Percentage Cr (VI) extraction decreases with the increase in temperature at varying concentration of cyanex 923. The interference of the impurities usually associated with Cr (VI) such as Cr (III), Cu, Ni, Fe (II), Zn, Chloride and sulphate, etc., were examined under the optimized conditions and only Zn was found to interfere. Under the optimum experimental conditions 98.6–99.9% of Cr (VI) was extracted in 3–5 min at O/A of 2 with the initial feed concentration of 1 g/L of Cr (VI). The extracted Cr (VI) was quantitatively stripped with 1 M NaOH and the organic phase obtained after the stripping of Cr (VI) was washed with dilute HCl solution to neutralize any NaOH trapped/adhered to the solvent and then with distilled water. This regenerated solvent was reused in succeeding extraction of chromium (VI). Finally a few experiments were performed with the synthetic effluent from an electroplating industry.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Cr removal; Hexavalent chromium; Solvent extraction; Cyanex 923|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||Sahu A K|
|Deposited On:||03 Jun 2010 10:09|
|Last Modified:||13 Dec 2011 15:06|
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