Nayar, S and Brahma, Amrita and Barat, Bhaswati and Bhattacharyya, D (2004) UDP-Galactose 4-Epimerase from Kluyveromyces fragilis: analysis of its hysteretic behavior during catalysis. Biochemistry, 43 (31). pp. 10212-10223.
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UDP-galactose 4-epimerase serves as a prototype model of class II oxidoreductases that use bound NAD as a cofactor. This enzyme from Kluyveromyces fragilis is a homodimer with a molecular mass of 75 kDa/subunit. Continuous monitoring of the conversion of UDP-galactose (UDP-gal) to UDP-glucose (UDP-glu) by the epimerase in the presence of the coupling enzyme UDP-glucose dehydrogenase and NAD shows a kinetic lag of up to 80 s before a steady state is reached. The disappearance of the lag follows first-order kinetics (k = 3.22 × 10-2 s-1) at 25 °C at enzyme and substrate concentrations of 1.0 nM and 1 mM, respectively. The observed lag is not due to factors such as insufficient activity of the coupling enzyme, association or dissociation or incomplete recruitment of NAD by epimerase, product activation, etc., but was a true expression of the activity of the prepared enzyme. Dissociation of the bound ligand(s) by heat followed by analysis with reverse-phase HPLC, TLC, UV-absorption spectrometry, mass spectrometry, and NMR showed that in addition to 1.78 mol of NAD/dimer, the epimerase also contains 0.77 mol of 5‘-UMP/dimer. The latter is a strong competitive inhibitor. Preincubation of the epimerase with the substrate UDP-gal or UDP-glu replaces the inhibitor and also abolishes the lag, which reappeared after the enzyme was treated with 5‘-UMP. The lag was not observed as long as the cells were in the growing phase and galactose in the growth medium was limiting, suggesting that association with 5‘-UMP is a late log-phase phenomenon. The stoichiometry and conserved amino acid sequence around the NAD binding site of multimeric class I (classical dehydrogenases) and class II oxidoreductases, as reported in the literature, have been compared. It shows that each subunit is independently capable of being associated with one molecule of NAD, suggestive of two NAD binding sites of epimerase per dimer.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Catalysis; UDP-Galactose; 4-Epimerase; Kluyveromyces fragilis|
|Divisions:||Metal Extraction and Forming|
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||04 Nov 2010 10:47|
|Last Modified:||06 Feb 2012 17:01|
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